History of Hero - History

History of Hero - History

Hero

The schooner Hero and the steamer Hero are former names retained. The monitor Hero is named for a priestess of Aphrodite at Sestos who, according to Greek legend, threw herself into the Hellespont after her lover, Leander, had drowned while swimming from Abydos to meet her.

I

The wooden schooner Hero was purchased at Baltimore 13 August 1861 to obstruct inlets to Pamlico Sound, N.C., near Cape Hatteras. She was apparently sunk in Ocracoke Inlet 14 November 1861 with two other schooners of the stone fleet.


Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria ( / ˈ h ɪər oʊ / Greek: Ἥρων [1] ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς , Heron ho Alexandreus also known as Heron of Alexandria / ˈ h ɛr ən / c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a Greco-Egyptian mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt. He is often considered the greatest experimenter of antiquity [2] and his work is representative of the Hellenistic scientific tradition. [3]

Hero published a well-recognized description of a steam-powered device called an aeolipile (sometimes called a "Hero engine"). Among his most famous inventions was a windwheel, constituting the earliest instance of wind harnessing on land. [4] [5] He is said to have been a follower of the atomists. In his work Mechanics, he described pantographs. [6] Some of his ideas were derived from the works of Ctesibius.

In mathematics he is mostly remembered for Heron's formula, a way to calculate the area of a triangle using only the lengths of its sides.

Much of Hero's original writings and designs have been lost, but some of his works were preserved including in manuscripts from the Eastern Roman Empire and to a lesser extent, in Latin or Arabic translations.


Legends of America

Our heaven-born banner by William Bauly, 1861

Hail, Columbia! happy land!
Hail, ye heroes! heaven-born band!
Who fought and bled in Freedom’s cause.

— Joseph Hopkinson

Hero: A person of distinguished courage or ability, admired for his/her brave deeds and noble qualities.

Patriot: A person who loves, supports, and defends his or her country and its interests with devotion.

Heroes and patriots in the United States are made every day, a fact that has occurred since the first man set foot on the soil of this great nation. From the smallest deeds of kindness to the brave soldiers that have given their lives for this country, these hundreds of thousands of men and women come from every race, religion and ethnic group. Their stories and histories are varied, their actions and deeds diverse, leaving their marks on every part of our culture and heritage. They are law officers, politicians, soldiers, inventors, explorers, artists, activists, writers, business people, and ordinary folks. Some are famous — most are not.

We cannot begin to list them all here. But, their “legendary” deeds and accomplishments belong on the pages of Legends of America, and to that end, this page will continue to grow.

U.S. Heroes & Patriots:

John Adams, by John Singleton Copley

John Adams (1735-1826) – Vice President to George Washington, 2nd U.S. President, and Founding Father of the United States.

John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) – The son of Founding Father, John Adams, he was a politician, diplomat, and served as the 6th President of the United States.

Samuel Adams (1722-1803) – One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Adams was a statesman, political philosopher, and leader of the movement that became the American Revolution.

Susan “Doc Susie” Anderson (1870-1960) – One of the first female pioneer physicians in the West.

Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) ­ Leader in the American Anti­-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution.

Nathaniel Bacon (1640s-1676) – A wealthy colonist of the Virginia Colony who instigated Bacon’s Rebellion of 1676.

Anne Hennis Trotter Bailey (1742-1825) – Better known as “Mad Ann”, she was a colorful figure, scout, spy, and Indian fighter during the colonial Indian Wars and the American Revolution.

Ida B. Wells Barnett (1862-1931) – A black journalist and militant civil rights leader, she was a co-founder of the NAACP and the first president of the Negro Fellowship League.

Clara Barton (1824-1912) ­ Called the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her first aid heroism during the Civil War, she was instrumental in founding the American Red Cross.

Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) – Scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone.

Mary Bickerdyke (1817-1901) – An energetic heroine whose sole aim during the Civil War was to more efficiently care for wounded Union soldiers.

Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955) ­ The daughter of former slaves, Mary became a writer, educator, a champion of humanitarian causes, and an advocate of civil rights and education for Blacks.

Daniel Boone (1734-1820) – Frontiersman, pioneer, surveyor and Indian Fighter who blazed the trail known as the Wilderness Road in 1775.

James Bowie (1796-1836) – An aggressive frontiersman, pioneer, explorer, and commander of the volunteers at the Alamo, where he died.

Buffalo Soldiers – Though African Americans have fought in various military conflicts since colonial days, they did not receive the nickname of “Buffalo Soldiers” until they began to battle Cheyenne warriors in 1867.

Benjamin Brown (1859-1910) – Buffalo Soldier who fought bandits in the Wham Paymaster Robbery and awarded the Medal of Honor.

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) – Scottish-American industrialist, businessman, entrepreneur and a major philanthropist.

Christopher “Kit” Carson (1809-1868) – Carson was a daring and brave explorer, mountain man, trapper, scout, soldier, and buffalo hunter.

George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor.

George Rogers Clark – (1752-1818) – Soldier from Virginia and the highest-ranking American military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionary War.

William Clark (1770-1838) – Explorer and geographical expert who co-lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Henry Clay (1777-1852) – Nineteenth-century American statesman, orator, negotiator, and politician who has been dubbed one of the greatest Senators in U.S. history.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, aka: Mark Twain (1835-1910) – Author and humorist, he is sometimes called the “Father of American Literature.”

Davy Crockett (1786-1836) – Frontiersman, explorer, and American folk hero, Crockett a represented Tennessee in the U.S. Congress, served in the Texas Revolution, and died at the age of 49 at the Battle of the Alamo.

Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) – Inventor, scientist, and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world.

Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower (1890-1969) – A five-star general in the United States Army and the 34th President of the United States. Eisenhower ranks highly among former U.S. presidents in terms of approval rating.

Albert Einstein, Doris Ulmann, 1931

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) – German-born Swiss-American theoretical physicist, philosopher, and author who is widely regarded as one of the most influential and best-known scientists and intellectuals of all time. He is often regarded as the father of modern physics.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) – Essayist, philosopher, and poet, best remembered for leading the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.

Thomas Ewing, Jr (1829-1896) – Military officer, Free-State advocate and first Chief Justice of the State of Kansas

Henry Ford (1863-1947) – Inventor who introduced the Model T automobile, which revolutionized transportation and American industry and founder of the Ford Motor Company. During his lifetime, he was awarded 161 U.S. patents.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) – Intellectual, author, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, soldier, and diplomat, Franklin is noted as being one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Robert Fulton (1765-1815) – Fulton was an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat called the Claremont.

“A hero is someone who understands the responsibility that comes with his freedom.”
— Bob Dylan, American folksinger

Deborah Sampson Gannett (1760-1827) ­ She signed up for the 4th Massachusetts Regiment under an assumed male name, becoming the first woman to enlist as a soldier in the American army. After being wounded nineteen months later, she received an honorable medical discharge and, later, a military pension.

William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879) – Journalist and social reformer, he is best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator. He was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society and a prominent voice for the women’s suffrage movement.

America’s Greatest Patriots

Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) – American General and the 18th President of the United States, he achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the Civil War. However, he wasn’t rated well as an American President.

Nathanael Greene (1742-1786) – A major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, Greene’s military reputation was second only to General George Washington’s.

Nathan Hale (1755-1776) – Soldier for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, he is known as America’s first spy. He is best remembered for his speech before being hanged following the Battle of Long Island, in which he said, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”

Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) – Aide-de-camp to General George Washington during the American Revolution, Founding Father of our country, economist, and political philosopher.

William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) – The 9th President of the United States, military officer, and politician, he was the first president to die in office. He had the shortest tenure in presidential history. As an Army officer and governor of the territory that is now Indiana and Illinois, he fought Indians and made harsh treaties with them, clearing the way for more westward settlement by whites. His military victories against Indians made him a hero to white Americans.

Patrick Henry (1736-1799) – Virginia Governor, a prominent figure in the American Revolution, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Heroines of the Southwest – No portion of our country has been the scene of more romantic and dangerous adventures than that region described under the broad and vague term the “Southwest.” Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona are vast, remote, and varied fields with which danger and hardship, wonder and mystery are ever associated.

Heroines Across the Plains – The movement of emigration westward since the early part of the seventeenth century resembles the great ocean billows during a rising tide. Sweeping over the watery waste with a steady roll, dragged by the lunar force, each billow dashes higher and higher on the beach, until the attractive influence has been spent and the final limit reached.

Heroines in the Rocky Mountains – Among these histories, which illustrate most clearly the virtues of the pioneer women, we count those which display her battling with the difficulties of the passage through the mountains, as proving that the heroine of that time may be matched with those who have lived before her in any age or clime.

Samuel Houston (1793-1863) – Nineteenth Century statesman, politician, and soldier, Houston was a key figure in the Texas Revolution and acted as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) – The third President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence. Known for his promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States, he is considered one of the most influential Founding Fathers.

John Paul Jones (1747-1792) – The first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolution.

John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) – Commander during World War II and 35th President of the United States. He was assassinated in 1963.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) – Clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement, in which, he raised public consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in U.S. history. He was assassinated in 1968.

Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) – Lee was a career U.S. Army officer and the most celebrated general of the Confederate forces during the Civil War.

Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809) – Explorer, soldier, and public administrator, Lewis was best known for his role as the leader of the Corps of Discovery, whose mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase.

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) – Pioneer, attorney, and 16th U.S. President, he guided this country through the most devastating experience in its national history — the Civil War. He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, and died the next day. He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American president.

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974) – Aviator, author, inventor, and explorer.

James Madison (1751-1836) – Politician, political philosopher, 4th President of the United States, and one of the Founding Fathers of the country. He was instrumental in writing the Constitution and wrote the Bill of Rights.

John Marshall (1755-1835) – Statesman, politician, and jurist who shaped American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a center of power.

Audie Murphy (1924 – 1971) – He rose to fame in World War II as America’s most decorated hero. He was the recipient of 24 decorations including the Congressional Medal of Honor before his 21st birthday. Murphy went on to be a world-famous Movie Star.

Thomas Paine (1737-1809) – Author, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (1913-2005) – African American civil rights activist whom the U.S. Congress later called the “Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement.”

Pocahontas (1595?- 1617) – A Powhatan Indian Princess, she was for having assisted colonial settlers at Jamestown and allegedly saving the life of the colony’s leader, Captain John Smith.

Israel Putnam (1718-1790) – Army general who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolution. Not as well-known as other historical heroes, he showed reckless courage and fighting spirit.

Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911- 2004) – 40th President of the United States 33rd Governor of California. He ranks highly among former U.S. presidents in terms of approval rating and in presidential surveys.

Bass Reeves (1839–1910) – One of the most famous and effective U.S. Deputy Marshals Indian Territory.

Paul Revere (1734-1818) – Paul Revere is an American folk hero of the American Revolution whose dramatic horseback ride on the night of April 18, 1775, warned Boston area residents that the British were coming.

Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) ­ Political and social reformer, humanitarian, and outspoken crusader, this First Lady championed causes of social justice worldwide and as a United Nations delegate, chaired the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (1858-1919) – The 26th President of the United States, leader of the Rough Riders, naturalist, explorer, hunter, and author.

“A man’s country is not a certain area of land, of mountains, rivers, and woods, but it is a principle and patriotism is loyalty to that principle.
— George William Curtis, American social reformer, author and editor in the 19th Century”

Jonas Edward Salk (1914-1995) – Medical researcher and virologist, he is best known for his discovery and development of the first safe and effective polio vaccine.

The only known photograph of Chief Seattle, 1864

Chief Seattle, aka: Sealth, Seathle, Seathl, or See-ahth (1780?-1866) – Leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish Native American tribes in present-day Washington. He was known as a great leader, orator, warrior and negotiator.

Captain John Smith (1580-1631) – An English soldier, explorer, admiral, and author, Smith established the first permanent English settlement in North America at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Captain Myles Standish (1584?-1656) – English military officer, Mayflower passenger, and first commander of the Plymouth Colony.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) ­ Known, along with Susan B. Anthony, as one of the foremost figures of the movement for women’s equality.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1880

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) – Abolitionist and author, she wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin and became influential in the political issues of slavery.

Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) – Distinguished general and 12th President of the United States, Taylor served in the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War, where he earned the nickname of “Old Rough and Ready.” He was elected President in 1848, the first to never have held any previous elected office. He was also the last President to hold slaves while in office. Just two years into his presidency he died.

William B. Travis (1809-1836) – A lawyer who settled in Texas from Alabama, Travis strongly disliked Mexican rule and fought in the Texas Revolution. Fighting along with James Bowie and Davy Crockett, he was killed at the Battle of the Alamo.

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) – Artillery officer in World War I, Senator, Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt, and 33rd President of the United States. Most American historians consider Truman one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.

Harriet Tubman (1815-1913) ­ As a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, this fugitive slave helped thousands of blacks escape north prior to the Civil War, during which, she served as a Union nurse and military spy.

Mark Twain – See Samuel Langhorne Clemens

Sarah Rosetta Wakeman aka: Private Lyons Wakeman (1843-1864) – Disguising herself as a man, Wakeman fought in the Civil War for the Union.

Mary Edwards Walker (1832-1919) – Feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war and surgeon in the Civil War, Mary is the only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor.

William Alexander Anderson “Bigfoot” Wallace (1817-1899) – Served as a Texas lawman for several years before joining the Texas Rangers and soon made captain. He died on January 7, 1899.

Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) – Political leader, educator, orator, and author, he was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915.

George Washington (1732-1799) – First President of the United States and Commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolution.

Coloring History by Legends of America

Cathay Williams (1842-??) – When Congress passed an act authorizing the establishment of the first all Black units of the military, later to become known as “Buffalo Soldiers,” Cathay Williams, became the first and only female Buffalo Soldier.

Samuel Wilson (The Origin of Uncle Sam) (17??-1854) – In September 1961, the U.S. Congress recognized Samuel Wilson as “the progenitor of America’s national symbol of Uncle Sam.”

Eli Whitney (1765-1825) – Inventor who invented the cotton gin, he helped shape the Industrial Revolution and the economy of the antebellum South.

Woman As a Pioneer – Every battle has its unnamed heroes. There are other battles and armies besides those where thousands of disciplined men move over the ground to the sounds of the drum and fife. Life itself is a battle, and no grander army has ever been set in motion since the world began than that which for more than two centuries and a half has been moving across our continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific, fighting its way through countless hardships and dangers, bearing the banner of civilization, and building a new republic in the wilderness.

Women in the Army – In the great wars of American history, there are, in immediate connection with the army, two situations in which woman more prominently appears: the former is where, in her proper person, she accompanies the army as a “vivandiere,” or as the daughter of the regiment, or as the comrade and help-mate of her husband the latter, and less frequent capacity, is that of a soldier, matching in the ranks and facing the foe in the hour of danger.

Wright Brothers – The Wright brothers, Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) were are generally credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903.

In memory of our fallen heroes, 1884

Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated June 2020.

Nothing is given to man on earth – struggle is built into the nature of life,
and conflict is possible – the hero is the man who lets no obstacle prevent him
from pursuing the values he has chosen.


From Swashbucklers to Supermen: A Brief History of Action-Movie Heroes

T here&rsquos a moment in Mission: Impossible&mdashRogue Nation &mdash Tom Cruise career-saver, franchise MVP and the summer’s best non-Imperator Furiosa action blockbuster &mdash where the CIA director refers to the film’s relentless hero as “the living manifestation of destiny.” As a government official talking about an unpredictable agent, the line is patently (if knowingly) ridiculous. As Alec Baldwin talking about Tom Cruise, the dialogue sounds right on the money. That phrase could be dropped into the first sentence of his biography and nobody would think twice.

When the superstar first stepped into the role of superspy Ethan Hunt 19 years ago, it was unclear what kind of action hero the spritely and hyper-intense Rain Man star was going to be. Now, five movies later, the answer is clear: All of them. As the franchise has progressed, Cruise has done nothing less than take 100 years of action movies and collapse them into one (very compact) person. If we take a closer look at the archetype at the end of the Summer of Rogue, would it confirm that we’ve reached the logical conclusion of the Hollywood action hero as we know it? Or might we be on the precipice of something new &mdash hanging on to the edge of a cinematic jet by our fingertips as it soars into parts unknown?

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As the tentpole-über-alles season slouches toward Bethlehem (a.k.a. awards season), we’re taking one last look back and tracing how this staple of Hollywood movies has morphed over the decades. It’s the evolution of the action hero &mdash from the 1920s to the present day &mdash in just 10 easy steps.

The Acrobat
Action has been a staple of the movies since Edwin S. Porter sent a locomotive barreling straight at the audience, but the first proper action heroes were actually comedians. You do not get Jackie Chan without Charlie Chaplin Bond &mdash James Bond &mdash is virtually unthinkable without Buster Keaton and it’d be impossible to imagine Ethan Hunt without a clock-hanging Harold Lloyd.

The silent era’s funnymen are remembered as clumsy agents of chaos, but they were also daredevils who’d risk life and limb for a good laugh and laid the groundwork for virtually all the derring-do that followed. Nobody exemplified this better than Keaton &mdash watching him grab on to moving cars, jump across chasms, swing across waterfalls, leap around and on top of moving trains (including one stunt that left him with a broken neck), and ride a motorcycle on its handlebars, you can feel your pulse quickening. Even when he did stunts that made it seem as if the action was happening to him &mdash like the famous falling house sequence from Steamboat Bill Jr. (1928) &mdash the comedian had a knack for making the act of standing still seem totally kinetic. Forget the Western tough guys the modern action hero really starts here.

The Swashbuckler
Meanwhile, on the other side of town, Douglas Fairbanks Sr. was laughing in the face of danger. Brawnier and more overtly athletic than the great comedians of the time, the agile actor gave birth to the action hero who could save the day, make the girl swoon, and then swing in on a burning chandelier or the dangling sail of a pirate ship just in time. Like Errol Flynn after him, the only thing that seemed to separate Fairbanks’ characters from the actor’s legendary off-screen persona was a frilly costume and a bendy rapier. And by the time Flynn would cross sabers with Basil Rathbone’s Sir Guy in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), Hollywood made the chivalrous man-of-action it’s default hero mode and would never look back.

The Lone Wolf
After World War II, a generation of American men were forced to become action heroes in their own right. When they came back from the fighting, they had changed &mdash these soliders had seen things they couldn’t unsee, and the movies that were made for them reflected that.

John Wayne rose to fame before the war by playing relatively uncomplicated gunslingers, men who would roam the wilds of Monument Valley because that&rsquos where they were thrived. During the war, he was cast as an officer if not a gentleman, leading fighter squadrons on air raids and helping grunts raise the flag at Iwo Jima. But in 1956’s The Searchers, however,Wayne revealed a new shade of ugliness of action, leveraging his kidnapped niece into a genocidal crusade against the Comanches. His unrepentant racism was the scar of a fractured world, and the film ends with his character effectively being exiled from civilization, too deformed to reintegrate back into the society that he had risked his life in order to preserve.

The Cool Customer
Not only did Steve McQueen define the type we’re talking about here (see The Great Escape, The Magnificent Seven, Bullitt…just see almost any Steve McQueen movie, really), he also described it best: “I don’t want to be the guy who learns, I want to be the guy who knows.” A far cry from, say, North by Northwest‘s Cary Grant and your run-of-the-mill Hitchockian wrong man, a McQueen hero was the sort of guy who’d jump his Triumph motorcycle or launch his Ford Mustang over the hilly roads of San Francisco, all with the bravado of a man who knew he could always stick the landing. Calm, collected, and ready for anything, he might toss off a line like “We deal in lead, friend” or find a renewed sense of agency behind the wheel of a muscle car.

And then there was James Bond, the sort of man who could be tortured in the morning, save the world after lunch, and sleep soundly beside a buxom (and totally interchangeable) babe that night &mdash someone like Lt. Frank Bullitt, who dared to look in the mirror and consider his own reflection, was practically a philosopher by comparison. The most recent incarnation of the character has complicated things a bit, but Bond was born as a man with no chinks in his armor, no wrinkles in his tuxedo, and no thoughts in his head other than “kill the bad guy, get the girl, save the world, and look good doing it.” For the first time since the swashbucklers, the action hero doubled a bona fide sex symbol.

The Vigilante
The next generation of action hero resulted from a simple question: What if Steve McQueen were an unrepentant asshole? Their presence was announced by gunshots instead of footsteps, and they punctuated every sentence with a bullet. They were mean sons of bitches who walked with a swagger and broke all the rules just because they could &mdash unsurprisingly, a lot of them were cops (some things never change). Anything to catch the bad guys, right?

Clint Eastwood already knew his way around a six-shooter thanks to his star-making years in spaghetti Westerns, but everything changed when they put a .44 Magnum in his hand. Once a taciturn gunslinger who just wanted to ride into the sunset with his piece of the action, Dirty Harry saw Eastwood reborn as, well, a sociopath. Harry Callahan didn’t just stop the bad guys, he also messed with them for his own sick amusement. He wasn’t forced into violence, he was excited by it &mdash for this breed of action hero, the villain was just a good excuse. Tellingly, the movie ends with Callahan tossing his badge into some murky water.

But Harry Callahan was practically a boy scout compared to The French Connection‘s Detective Jimmy “Popeye” Doyle (Gene Hackman), the bigoted, womanizing alcoholic who accidentally killed a fellow officer during his film’s climactic chase and didn’t even stop to say sorry. And then there was the Death Wish series, which didn’t even bother to give its hero a badge. The iconic Seventies urban-paranoia, Horror City franchise just gave Bronson’s everyman an excuse to take justice into his own hands &mdash and thus his action hero went from peaceful architect to one of the most prolific movie mass-murderers of the 20th century.

The Killing Machine
Arguably a delayed response to the failure of the Vietnam War (the Rambo series charts the descent from sensitive vet to brainless one-man army), the action hero of the Eighties had the difficult task of finding a gun bigger than the arm they were holding it with. They were glistening human cartoons, with biceps strong enough to carry an entire movie &mdash anonymous hordes of enemy henchmen would practically dive to their dooms when Sylvester Stallone or Dolph Lundgren came lumbering towards them, sacrificing themselves to the steroidal gods of carnage. Arnold Schwarzenegger would perfect this breed of hyper-masculine steamroller in 1984’s The Terminator, elevating himself from strongman to icon by playing a literal killing machine.

Eventually these characters grew so outsized and ridiculous that parody became the only recourse, leading to the likes of Kindergarten Cop in 1990 and The Last Action Hero in 1993. Thankfully, some estrogen was en route.

The Heroine
Hollywood has never been a particularly welcoming place for action heroines: In order to find a good one you had to look in Japan, in the grindhouse, or &mdash most reliably &mdash in outer space. Asian cinema had Lady Snowblood, blaxploitation had Foxy Brown, and the mainstream had one blaster-packing princess traveling around a galaxy far, far away.

And then there was Ellen Ripley. Written as a man but cast as a woman, the Alien heroine was a cinematic drag act whose gender was largely irrelevant to the conflict at hand. The sequel pushed the needle away from androgyny, the introduction of Newt effectively transforming Ripley into a maternal figure (and forcing her into a Darwinian fight to the death against a mother who had just lost all of her babies). Sigourney Weaver’s bad-ass protector set the stage for the Sarah Connor 2.0 we got in Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), with a muscular Linda Hamilton transforming the original character from damsel in distress to shotgun-toting death-dealer.

Of course, it was only a matter of time before Hollywood confused gender for sex, and the small handful of female action heroes that cropped up during the Nineties and the early aughts were mostly hyper-sexualized to the point of regression. (Remember Barb Wire? Hopefully not.) Somewhere off in the distance, Imperator Furiosa was waiting patiently, ready to be called off the bench and out in the field.

The Everyhero
John McClane was obviously never going to die, but that didn’t mean he couldn’t be killed. He was bleeding from his feet. He was balding. He was estranged from his wife, but still felt a very real obligation towards her. He was just supposed to come out to the coast and have a few laughs. Hans Gruber and his troop of German terrorists never stood a chance, but McClane nevertheless introduced a measure of doubt into the equation.

When Die Hard arrived in 1988, brawn was suddenly replaced by attitude, and bloodlust was replaced by situational mandate. McLane wasn’t gung-ho, he was put-upon you knew there was always somewhere else he would rather be. He was an everyman caught in a sticky situation, and that dynamic proved so compelling that Hollywood would riff on this throughout the 1990s (and beyond), introducing a wide variety of unlikely heroes whose glory was forged by one very bad set of circumstances. There’s a terrorist in a building. There’s a bomb on a bus. There’s an Ed Harris on Alcatraz. There’s snakes on a plane. There’s a man who’s going to rise to the challenge.

Martial artists would quickly co-opt this type as well, flexibly adapting from killing machines into more ordinary guys: Steven Seagal played the super deadly cook of a hijacked ship in 1992’s Under Siege, and Jean-Claude Van Damme was, um, a security guard at a high stakes hockey game in 1995’s Sudden Death. They didn’t know it at the time, but these guys were among the last generation of action hero who didn’t have to compete with the special effects that brought their exploits to life.

The Superheroes
&hellipAnd then God created spandex.

Superhero movies existed long before Iron Man sparked the big bang of the Marvel Cinematic Universe in 2008. But the genre explosion that resulted from the birth of the MCU cobbled together a fresh action archetype from a mess of familiar parts in much the same way as Tony Stark cobbled together his first Mark 1 prototype.

They look like Abercrombie models, they quip like Han Solo, and they dress like they’ve just been rejected from Cirque du Soleil. They’re all in ridiculous shape, but the modern action movie’s reliance on the magic of CGI has lowered the physical requirements of its stars, rendering their muscles almost purely cosmetic (Paul Rudd spent months carving out a six pack for Ant-Man, but his abs are only seen in a single shot, revealed in a scene that exists for the sole purpose of showing them off).

They’re huggable, they’re meme-able, they’re a walking compilation of gestures that can be readily reduced into GIFs. They’re fuzzy enough that the actors can wear their costumes to visit hospitalized children, but tough enough that teenage boys feel comfortable gawping at their feats of strength. They’re a fellowship of equals, relying on each other like the heroes from the men-on-a-mission movies of the Sixties (there’s no “I” in “Avengers”). They are focus-grouped to perfection, and while they wrestle with themselves (or, in Christopher Nolan and Zack Snyder’s movies, they brutally cage fight their inner demons), their devotion to the greater good is seldom in doubt. Most of all, they are here to stay.

The AARP Generation
Taken was hardly the first time that an action movie was fronted by someone eligible for Social Security (Charles Bronson was approximately 412-years-old in the accurately titled Death Wish V: The Face of Death). But there’s no denying that Liam Neeson elevated “I’m getting too old for this shit” from a hacky line of dialogue to a bonafide sub-genre. Innocuously dumped into American theaters in January of 2009 (almost a year after it debuted in France), Pierre Morel’s unapologetic B-movie tells the story of a retired, overprotective CIA agent named Bryan Mills who’s super paranoid about his teenage daughter’s trip to Paris. Naturally, she’s targeted by a ring of human traffickers about six seconds after she clears customs.

Despite being 55 years old at the time, Neeson murdered half the henchmen in Europe, snapping enough necks to make Steven Seagal blush. And thanks to the wonders of shaky-cam and rapid-fire editing, the whole thing was probably less taxing on Neeson’s body than his performance in Love Actually (I mean, he had to cry in that one).

It was ridiculous, and it worked because Neeson didn’t have to pretend that it wasn’t. During a press stop between sequels, the actor candidly remarked: “It’s like, I’m 61 years of age. I mean, come on. It’s a joke. It’s like [pretends to pick up a phone], ‘How much?’ Ok, I’ll be there.'”

Taken proved that audiences weren’t hung up on the ages of their male action stars, at which point everyone from Denzel Washington (The Equalizer) to Sean Penn (The Gunman) decided to cash in on the pensioner-kicking-ass wave. It also demonstrated that filmgoers were willing to go along with pretty much anything so much as it played against the austerity of an actor’s image or stoked a measure of nostalgia. And so, a little more than two years later, Stallone slapped together The Expendables, the franchise providing a veritable retirement home for the action stars of yore.

The Manifestation of Destiny
Which brings us back to Ethan Hunt.

Leveraging the role into an opportunity to be the platonic ideal of the action hero, Tom Cruise has routinely displayed the fearlessness of the silent stars (remember that free-climbing madness from the beginning of Mission: Impossible II?), the easy charm of a swashbuckler, the cool resourcefulness of James Bond, the intense inner turmoil of John Wayne, the recklessness of Harry Callahan, the invincibility of John Rambo, the breezy camaraderie of the Avengers, and &mdash if you squint &mdash the cracking veneer of a guy who’s not as young as he used to be.

And yet, watching Cruise do all that, it’s telling that the big takeaway from this summer’s biggest non-superhero action hit was a rival agent who can go toe-to-toe with Hunt and still come out a foot taller. Rogue Nation ace in the hole may be its heroine, with Rebecca Ferguson’s secret agent Ilsa Faust proving to be Hunt’s equal match in spy-vs-spy shenanigans, and his superior when it comes to wielding high-powered rifles while wearing evening gowns and heels. The end of the film makes it clear to whom Hunt will report, should there be a Mission: Impossible VI. Where Ilsa goes from here, however, is anyone’s guess.


History of Hero - History

Young paragon, bearer of two heroic legacies and sweet tribute to her creator’s lost sibling. She’s many things, but most of all, she’s a hero to her core. This, then, is your Major Spoilers Hero History of Courtney Whitmore, the masked adventurer known as… Stargirl!

There is a truism in the world of Hero Histories: The shorter the tenure, the simpler to put together. When considering the history of a character dating back to the dawn of superheroic history, it is a very daunting matter to recount the entirety of their history, as even a fictional universe will have been through a lot of changes in 80 years. Today’s entrant has had at least four notable iterations in her time, but today we focus specifically on the second of her major historical eras. Some might call it the Silver Age version an inaccurate designation, as&hellip

They say youth is wasted on the young, and that’s never more true than when it comes to superhuman powers. With a few rare exceptions (like that Parker kid), a teenager with super-powers tends to get sidelined as a sidekick or wannabe, and even the far-flung future heroes of the Legion get flack for their characteristic idealism and impulsiveness, but that hasn’t stopped the likes of the New Warriors, the Teen Titans, and even Generation X from fighting their respective good fights. So it was, some years ago, that a headstrong young man assembled his own league of justice in&hellip

Or – “Power And Responsibility Transcending Time And Space…” The modern Heroic Age of the modern universe gave rise to legends that have endured for decades, both in-universe and out. Among those is the legend of Spider-Man, a colorful hero whose battles against foes large and small taught everyone a lesson involving the responsibilities of having super-powers. About a century later (depending on comic-book time, of course) a new hero rose, taking his name as a tribute to the old and heralding, like his predecessor, a new heroic age. And, like Peter Parker, he was considered an unlikely hero, but&hellip

It’s a strange thing to be first. Many times, the first iteration of something isn’t the most iconic, the best or even the most well-known, but today’s Hero History entrant puts the lie to that expectation. After years of nearly no super-heroic representation of anyone who wasn’t Caucasian (and even that one green kid had blonde hair) the streets of Metropolis gave birth to a hero whose mettle and courage are the equal of any who came before, and whose feats of power quickly made him one of the most respected heroes around. An multiple-time Olympic champion as well as&hellip

Or – “Before You Ask, No, I Didn’t Make This One Up…” The worlds of fiction are many and varied, and the tale of the young freedom fighter with the odds against him is a compelling one, turning up again and again. Whether a historical war (such as the long-running Tomahawk), an alien perspective (like Luke Skywalker), or something entirely different, there’s a lot of mileage to be had out of the story of one man against a corrupt system. So much so, that sometimes you can cut-and-paste that story into an entirely different world and continuity, with only the&hellip

Or – “SWEEET CHRISTMAS!” The Marvel Universe is a strange and occasionally terrible place. At any moment, a building could collapse because of rogue Hulks, or your entire neighborhood could get utterly annihilated by alien space bugs. Even back in the day, before the X-Men outnumbered the combined population of every town I lived in before the age of 17, it was a difficult place to live, where a random prison guard with a grudge could change your life forever (and that’s AFTER you were betrayed by your oldest friend and your first love murdered before your eyes.) Not everyone&hellip

Or – “It Takes A Real Man To Be A Superhero AND Host The Daily Show!” In a way, it’s kind of astonishing that in an industry that started in the mid-1930s, there were virtually no superheroes of color until the 1970s. Though today’s Hero History entrant wasn’t the first black superhero (that place is held by The Black Panther, circa 1966) nor the first African-American character to headline his own book (that honor goes to Dell Comics’ Lobo, a cowboy type who will probably make for a fine Retro Review soon enough), but John Stewart predates either Luke Cage&hellip

Or – “The Amazing 9-In-1 Superhero!” When I was a kid, there was no filter between toys, cartoons, comics and movies, nor would we have wanted one. We could watch the cartoon adventures of the same characters in our comics (though their adventures were often tonally different) and buy the appropriate tie-in toys at the local TG&Y store when we were done. Of course, this isn’t a Facebook post about how things were better when we were younger, this is all about the comics. When evil rears its ugly head, sometimes you need a hero with versatility, one who isn’t&hellip

Or – “An Epic Hero’s Journey Through Time, Space & Dimension!” These days, it’s kind of hard to remember that there were companies other than the Big Two (or Big Four, if you’re so inclined.) DC’s pedigree goes back to the dawn of comics Golden Age, while Marvel was kinda-sorta there, in spirit. But in those heady days, hundreds of other companies came and went, with names like Standard, Fawcett, Nedor, Fox Features, Quality, Chesler, Frog and the far-flung Isles of Langerhans! But publishing is a mug’s game, one that just as often leads to a late night exodus with&hellip

Or – “Why ‘New And Different’ Doesn’t Always Equal ‘Better.’ ” Comic books as an art form have been around for over a century now, and many of the characters we read about regularly have been doing their thing for three-quarters of a century. During those years, many revamps, relaunches and rejiggers have taken place to try and keep the characters relevant. Batman has gone from gun-toting vigilante to square-jawed smiling sentinel to dark night detective to father-figures, while Superman’s power levels have been up and down like the proverbial whore’s drawers. In retrospect, it’s clear lot of those re-imaginings&hellip

Or – “The Best There Is At What He Does. ” May I just start by saying that, MAN, these Hero Histories take forever. On average, I’m dealing with a couple hundred issues, sometimes spanning decades, trying to boil down a character to their essence (or, in some cases, their various differentiated essences) and find what makes them really tick, in my subjective opinion. When a particularly busy character comes along, it gets doubly annoying. This week’s Hero History entrant initially appeared as a mystery, his backstory unplumbed, and we only learned about him in fits and starts as his teammates&hellip

Or – “Bahamut says ‘WHAT?’ ” In the 8 or so decades since Siegel and Shuster got shafted over the rights for the guy in the blue tights, there have been literally THOUSANDS of heroes from hundreds of companies, ranging from the sublime to the ridiculous. For ever Batman, you have Skateman. For every Green Lantern, you have a Blue Rajah. For every Marvel Girl, you have a Great And Powerful Turtle. And for every Captain Marvel, you have… another Captain Marvel. My rather limited research strongly implies that the first hero to stick a military rank in front of&hellip

Or – “Fire BAD!!” During the month of October, I set off on a plan to do weekly Hero Histories on Halloween-appropriate heroes, starting with Dracula, and ending with a secret character. Seein’ as how we’re about two weeks short of Christmas, you can see how well that worked. Nonethless, I think we’re still holiday appropriate, seein’ as how we’re working with a hero who wears red and green (or atleast wears red and IS green.) Though a product of possibly evil intentions, he nonetheless overcame his creation to transform into something strongly resembling Superman. Like the original Man of&hellip


Location Table [ edit | edit source ]

Monument Zone Location ( x z y )
Pupil Atlas Park 511 5 -1151
Pupil Echo Galaxy City -752 5 -1550
Pupil Kings Row -170 -42 -1467
Pupil Kings Row -400 4 1760
Pupil Perez Park -1174 -29 2252

Monument 1 [ edit | edit source ]

Monument 1, located in Atlas Park. Click image for larger version.

On this spot the titanic hero Atlas was posthumously awarded a key to the city for his many valiant efforts on behalf of its citizens.

This plaque is in Atlas Park, at the northwest corner of Atlas Plaza and is just south the Yellow Line.

Monument 2 [ edit | edit source ]

Monument 2, located in Galaxy City. Click image for larger version.

On this street in 1939, a parade was held to honor the hero Atlas. Though Atlas' nemesis, the Teal Serpent, tried to interrupt the festivities with a poison gas bomb, Atlas saved the spectators by scooping them up to sit on his mighty shoulders, far above the fumes. After getting the citizens to safety, Atlas sought out the Teal Serpent and defeated him. It is unknown whether the Serpent survived.

Its coordinates are (-752, 5, -1550) . It is located 132 yards due north of the Arena.

Monument 3 [ edit | edit source ]

Monument 3, located in Kings Row. Click image for larger version.

On July 12, 1932, this apartment building caught fire. Although fire fighters evacuated the residents, they were unable to contain the blaze. If not for the mighty hero Atlas, the entire neighborhood might have been lost. He arrived in time to clap out the flames with his massive hands.

Its coordinates are (-170, -42, -1467) . It is located 410 yards NNW of The Gish marker.

Monument 4 [ edit | edit source ]

Monument 4, located in Kings Row. Click image for larger version.

The building that used to stand in this spot was destroyed by the archvillain known only as the Teal Serpent. While Statesman battled the Serpent in an epic battle that raged for miles, the monumental Atlas turned his attention to the people trapped inside the rubble. With a gentleness to rival his strength, he picked apart the ruins with his massive fingers, freeing 243 people who would otherwise have perished.

Its coordinates are (-400, 4, 1760) . It is located 188 yards southwest of Blue Steel.

Monument 5 [ edit | edit source ]

Monument 5, located in Perez Park. Click image for larger version.

Atlas' wife, Gloria Branson, planted this tree in 1941 in memory of her fallen husband. The first to respond to the German attack on Paragon City at Independence Port, Atlas died defending the city and the people he loved.

This plaque is in Perez Park, 228 yards North of the Everett Lake Marker.


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Today, the idea of gladiators fighting to the death, and of an amphitheatre where this could take place watched by an enthusiastic audience, epitomises the depths to which the Roman Empire was capable of sinking. Yet, to the Romans themselves, the institution of the arena was one of the defining features of their civilisation.

Gladiators . were an expensive investment, not to be despatched lightly.

Hardly any contemporary voices questioned the morality of staging gladiatorial combat. And the gladiators' own epitaphs mention their profession without shame, apology, or resentment. So who were these gladiators, and what was their role in Roman society?

The Romans believed that the first gladiators were slaves who were made to fight to the death at the funeral of a distinguished aristocrat, Junius Brutus Pera, in 264 BC. This spectacle was arranged by the heirs of the deceased to honour his memory.

Gradually gladiatorial spectacle became separated from the funerary context, and was staged by the wealthy as a means of displaying their power and influence within the local community. Advertisements for gladiatorial displays have survived at Pompeii, painted by professional sign-writers on house-fronts, or on the walls of tombs clustered outside the city-gates. The number of gladiators to be displayed was a key attraction: the larger the figure, the more generous the sponsor was perceived to be, and the more glamorous the spectacle.

Most gladiators were slaves. They were subjected to a rigorous training, fed on a high-energy diet, and given expert medical attention. Hence they were an expensive investment, not to be despatched lightly.

For a gladiator who died in combat the trainer (lanista) might charge the sponsor of the fatal spectacle up to a hundred times the cost of a gladiator who survived. Hence it was very much more costly for sponsors to supply the bloodshed that audiences often demanded, although if they did allow a gladiator to be slain it was seen as an indication of their generosity.

Remarkably, some gladiators were not slaves but free-born volunteers. The chief incentive was probably the down-payment that a volunteer received upon taking the gladiatorial oath. This oath meant that the owner of his troupe had ultimate sanction over the gladiator's life, assimilating him to the status of a slave (ie a chattel).

Some maverick emperors with a perverted sense of humour made upper-class Romans (of both sexes) fight in the arena. But, as long as they did not receive a fee for their participation, such persons would be exempt from the stain of infamia, the legal disability that attached to the practitioners of disreputable professions such as those of gladiators, actors and prostitutes.


Original Wonder Woman

After making her debut in All Star Comics No. 8, Wonder Woman graced the cover of Sensation Comics No. 1 in 1942.

Her original story sees her leave behind her home on Paradise Island after an American pilot named Steve Trevor crash lands on Themyscira and the islanders compete to determine who will travel to the “Man’s World” to return him. Wonder Woman wins and also has the honor to act as an ambassador of the Amazons’ values on a mission of peace and diplomacy.

Once in America, Wonder Woman meets an army nurse who wants to leave for South America, but can’t due to money problems. Since the nurse and Wonder Woman look identical, they decide to switch identities and Wonder Woman takes on the nurse’s position at the hospital, which happens to be the same hospital where Steve Trevor has been admitted. The nurse reveals her name is Diana Princess and thus Wonder Woman’s secret identity as an army nurse is created. She quickly attains the ranks of lieutenant in Army Intelligence — a position rarely obtained by woman at that time. During this Golden Age of the comic book, Diana was certainly interested in fighting crime, but she also took on more stereotypical female desires as she pursued a marriage with Steve Trevor.

In the Silver Age of the comic, Wonder Woman gives up her powers and title to her mother in order to stay in the “Man’s World.” Though she no longer holds the title of Wonder Woman she meets and trains under a blind martial arts mentor and resumes her crime fighting ways.

The Bronze Age saw Diana’s powers and costume return as she is reinstated as Wonder Woman in issue No. 204 of Volume 1. In the last issue of the same volume, Diana and Steve Trevor profess their love for one another and are married.

As Wonder Woman embarked on the modern age, her history and backstory were further revamped. Wonder Woman took on the role as an emissary and ambassador for Themyscira, whose mission it was to bring peace to the outside world. In a distinct change from the methods of her male counterparts, Batman and Superman, Diana was willing to use deadly force when she judged it necessary. Another notable change in this era was that Diana’s marriage to Steve Trevor was removed from her story and he was introduced as a much older man instead.

In September 2011, DC Comics rebooted its entire publication line, naming the relaunch New 52. Written by Brian Azzarello, New 52 sees Wonder Woman’s origin story altered once more — this time she becomes the love child of Hippolyta and Zeus and no longer born from clay and earth. She also becomes romantically involved with Superman.


HIStory: My Hero (2017)

After dying, a young girl's soul takes over the body of a lonely boy to try to be with her boyfriend once again. However, she has one week for her boyfriend to fall in love with her new body. Or else both her and the boy's body dies. Edit Translation

  • Country: Taiwan
  • Type: Drama
  • Episodes: 4
  • Aired: Feb 14, 2017 - Feb 17, 2017
  • Aired On: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
  • Original Network:CHOCO TV
  • Duration: 20 min.
  • Score: 7.1 (scored by 6,383 users)
  • Ranked: #4421
  • Popularity: #612
  • Content Rating: 15+ - Teens 15 or older
  • Watchers: 11,311
  • Favorites: 0

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Reviews

How would you get someone to fall in love with you again if you died and returned in someone else's body, and as a different gender?

This is a 4-part series, roughly 75 minutes total run-time.

STORY: The first part is wacky and a tad confusing but stick with it because it settles down and reaches its stride rather quickly and carries it all the way to the through the end credit roll. There are also quite a few clichés but this has a HAPPY, even if a somewhat bittersweet, ending!

ACTING/CAST: The cast chemistry was great (well, only 3 people really get any real screen time). The main couple were fun to watch and there were a few hilarious bathroom scenes that as a guy I was cringing and laughing at the same time. Makes me wonder: do women really not know male bathroom etiquette? Well, watch the scenes and you'll see what i'm talking about.

MUSIC: The music was good though I don't speak the language. The sound quality had issues but this was most likely because I saw the English fan-subbed version.

REWATCH VALUE: Definitely will watch this again, next time with a good friend.

TLDR: Starts out strange, quickly gets good, has some twists, and a happy ending!

I had no idea what this story was about. I watched it to scratch an itching boredom.

In the predictability meter, one would initially rate this very high. I, myself, grinned at how I thought I knew how the story would go. It was constantly light: nothing was totally aggravating nor was there something totally upsetting. One would get pissed at some point, but it'll just be like seeing a poop on your peaceful walk at the park--you see it, not step on it, and just continue walking. Then, you go back to that predictability meter and you'll find it static at 1%. Like, seriously, stop predicting the end and just enjoy the story.

The actors were good. I'm doing this review after watching all three stories, so I have done the "compare and contrast" among the actors. This gave the lightest feel among the three, but that doesn't mean the actors showed an inferior quality of acting. They delivered subtle acting without making me cringe and I think that's a good thing.

I have already watched this thrice and it still gives off that satisfying sigh followed by a lingering smile as the last episode's credit rolls. I don't think that happy aftermath would fade off even when I watch it a few more times. Wait, am I spoiling anything for you? Haha, the question is this. are you sure about your definition of a happy ending?