Pre-Colonial North America Timeline

Pre-Colonial North America Timeline

  • c. 14000 BCE

    Paleoindian-Clovis Culture in North America.

  • c. 8500 BCE - c. 7900 BCE

    Dalton-Folsom Culture in North America.

  • c. 8000 BCE - c. 1000 BCE

    Archaic Period in North America.

  • c. 500 BCE - c. 1100 CE

    Woodland Period in North America.

  • 1100 CE - 1540 CE

    Mississippian Culture in North America.


Pre-Colonial North America Timeline - History

Many separate indigenous cultures developed and prospered in North America after the first waves of nomadic Paleo-Indians migrated to the continent across Beringia near the end of the Last Glacial Maximum.

Learning Objectives

Summarize the development of indigenous populations before the arrival of European settlers in the 17th century

Key Takeaways

Key Points

  • Civilization in America began during the last Ice Age when nomadic Paleo-Indians migrated across Beringia, an Ice Age land bridge that united the Eastern and Western hemispheres between Siberia and Alaska.
  • Eastern Woodland Culture refers to the way of life of indigenous peoples in the eastern part of North America between 1000 BCE and 1000 CE. This time period is widely regarded as a developmental period for the people of this region as they steadily advanced in their use of pottery and means of cultivation, tools, and textile manufacture.
  • The Great Bison Culture of the Great Basin area persisted from 10,500 BCE to 9500 BCE when the broad-spectrum, big game hunters of the Great Plains began to focus on a single animal species: the bison.
  • The mild climate and abundant natural resources along the Pacific Coast of North America allowed a complex aboriginal culture to flourish. Due to the prosperity made possible by the abundant natural resources in this region, the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest developed complex religious and social ceremonies as well as many fine arts and crafts. At one time, these tribes made the Pacific Coast the most populated indigenous area in North America.
  • As Southwestern cultural traditions evolved, tribes transitioned from a hunting-gathering, nomadic experience to more permanent agricultural settlements.
  • The Mexicas, or Aztecs, were one of the most powerful and advanced civilizations of the ancient world and remain culturally significant today.
  • The Maya civilization was a Meso-American civilization developed prior to 2000 BCE by the Maya peoples in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, as well as the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador.

Key Terms

  • Last Glacial Maximum (LGM): The last period in the Earth’s climate history during the last glacial period when ice sheets were at their greatest extension.
  • Mexica: Called Aztecs in occidental historiography (although this term is not limited to the Mexica), they were an indigenous people of the Valley of Mexico, known today as the rulers of the Aztec Empire. A Nahua people who founded their two cities Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco on raised islets in Lake Texcoco around 1200 CE.
  • Paleo-Indian: A classification term given to the peoples who inhabited the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.

Settlement of the Americas

Civilization in America began during the last Ice Age when nomadic Paleo-Indians migrated across Beringia. Beringia was an Ice Age land bridge that united the Eastern and Western hemispheres between Siberia and Alaska. Archaeological evidence suggests that the Paleo-Indians’ first dispersal into the Americas occurred near the end of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), or the last period in the Earth’s climate history when ice sheets were at their greatest extension. Some genetic research indicates that secondary waves of migration occurred after the initial Paleo-Indian colonization, but prior to modern Inuit, Inupiat, and Yupik expansions. The Paleo-Indians would eventually flourish all over the Americas, creating regional variations in lifestyles while sharing a common style of stone tool production.

Beringia, Late Wisconsin Glaciation: Beringia during the late Wisconsin glaciation.

Paleo-Indians subsisted as small, mobile groups of big game hunters, traveling light and frequently to find new sources of food, carrying highly efficient, fluted-style spear points as well as microblades used for butchering and hide-processing. As the climate changed and megafauna became extinct, Paleo-Indians were forced to employ a mixed-foraging strategy that included smaller terrestrial game, aquatic animals, and a variety of flora. After multiple waves of migration, complex civilizations arose.

Eastern Woodland Culture

Eastern Woodland Culture refers to the way of life of indigenous peoples in the eastern part of North America between 1000 BCE and 1000 CE. This time period is widely regarded as a developmental period for the people of this region as they steadily advanced in their use of pottery and means of cultivation, tools, and textile manufacture. While the increasing use of agriculture meant the nomadic nature of many groups was supplanted by permanent villages, intensive agriculture did not become the norm for most cultures until the succeeding Mississippian period. During this period, elaborate burial practices, intensive collection and horticulture of starchy seed plants, differentiation in social organization, and specialized activities began to develop. Due to the similarity of earthworks and burial goods, researchers assume a common body of religious practice and cultural interaction existed throughout the entire region, referred to as the “Hopewell Interaction Sphere.”

Hopewell Interaction Sphere: A map showing the Hopewell Interaction Sphere and various local expressions of the Hopewell cultures, including the Laurel Complex, Saugeen Complex, Point Peninsula Complex, Marksville Culture, Copena Culture, Kansas City Hopewell, Swift Creek Culture, Goodall Focus, Crab Orchard Culture, and Havana Hopewell Culture.

Great Basin Culture

Between 10,500 BCE and 9500 BCE (11,500–12,500 years ago), the broad-spectrum, big game hunters of the Great Plains began to focus on a single animal species: the bison. These bison-oriented indigenous peoples inhabited a portion of the North American continent known as the Great Basin. The Great Bison Culture of the Great Basin area required ease of mobility to follow bison herds and gather seasonally available food supplies. The climate in the Great Basin was very arid, which affected the lifestyles and cultures of its inhabitants. Most peoples of the Great Basin shared certain common cultural elements that distinguished them from other surrounding cultures, and except for the Washoe, most of the groups spoke Numic languages.

All groups were predominantly hunters and gatherers. As a result, the use of pottery was rare because of its weight, but intricate baskets were woven that could be used to hold water, cook food, and winnow grass seeds. Agriculture was not practiced within the Great Basin itself, although it was practiced in adjacent areas. Likewise, Great Basin tribes had no permanent settlements, although villages might be revisited winter after winter by the same groups of families. In the summer, groups would split, with the largest social grouping usually being the nuclear family.

Pacific Coast Culture

The mild climate and abundant natural resources along the Pacific Coast of North America allowed a complex aboriginal culture to flourish. Due to the prosperity made possible by the abundant natural resources in this region, the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest developed complex religious and social ceremonies as well as many fine arts and crafts. Music was created to honor the Earth, the creator, ancestors, and all other aspects of the supernatural world. Many works of art served practical purposes, such as clothing, tools, weapons of war and hunting, transportation, and shelter, and others were purely aesthetic. At one time, the Pacific Coast was the most densely populated indigenous area in North America.

Southwestern Cultures

Three of the major cultural traditions that impacted the Southwest region include the Paleo-Indian tradition, the Southwestern Archaic tradition, and the Post-Archaic cultures tradition. As Southwestern cultural traditions evolved, tribes transitioned from a hunting-gathering, nomadic experience to more permanent agricultural settlements. Extensive irrigation systems were developed and were among the largest of the ancient world. Elaborate adobe and sandstone buildings were also constructed, and highly ornamental and artistic pottery was created. As various cultures developed over time and environmental changes allowed for many cultural traditions to flourish, similar social structures and religious beliefs developed. In fact, many Southwest tribes during the Post-Archaic period developed complex networks that stretched across the Colorado Plateau, linking hundreds of neighborhoods and population centers. Many tribes practiced animism and shamanism.

Casa Grande National Monument: Photo of the Great House, a Hohokam settlement, at the Casa Grande National Monument.

The Aztec Empire

The Mexicas, or Aztecs, were one of the most powerful and advanced civilizations of the ancient world. The Mexica migrated to present-day central Mexico and created a triple alliance with other dominant tribes in the area. Over time, this alliance became the Aztec Empire. The heart of Aztec power was economic unity. Conquered lands paid tribute to the capital city, Tenochtitlan, the present-day site of Mexico City. Rich in tribute, this capital grew in influence, size, and population.

Like the Maya, Aztecs practiced a religion that was polytheistic and recognized a large and ever increasing pantheon of gods and goddesses. While many Meso-American civilizations practiced human sacrifice, none performed it to the scale of the Aztecs. To the Aztecs, human sacrifice was a necessary appeasement to the gods. Because of the Empire’s high rate of literacy, political and technological accomplishments, and economic unity, elements of Mexica and Nahua culture spread throughout Meso-America and remain culturally significant today.

The Maya Civilization

The Maya civilization was a Meso-American civilization developed by the Maya peoples in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, as well as the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. The first developments in agriculture and the first villages of the Maya civilization appeared during the Archaic period prior to 2000 BCE. The establishment of the first complex societies in the Maya region, including cultivation of the staple crops of the Maya diet—maize, beans, squashes, and chili peppers—occurred in the Preclassic period, c. 2000 BCE to 250 CE. Since the early Preclassic period, Maya society was divided into elite and common classes. Over time, as the population increased and urban centers grew, the wealthy segment of society multiplied, and a middle class may also have developed, comprised of artisans, low-ranking priests and officials, soldiers, and merchants. Maya lineages were patrilineal, so household shrines to prominent male ancestors would often decorate residential compounds and were even worshiped. As elites became more powerful, these shrines evolved into grand pyramid structures to house the remains of deceased royals.


Pre-Colonial North America Timeline - History

THE STATE OF LITERATURE DURING THIS PERIOD • The early post-liberation period was marked by a kind of “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by the sudden emancipation from the enemy, and the wild desire to see print. Christopher Columbus sails on First Voyage. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Create a Timeline Now history of philippine art. To Pre-Revolutionary War » 1000 Leif Ericson explores the North American East Coast. Pre-Colonial period refers to the art before the coming of the first colonizers. …, led ------. Print Events. Status of Women 6. Respiration is a chemical reaction where ----- is ------- (combined with oxygen) to make energy ( ----------- ) plus CO2 and water. Which inference about changing attitudes among American military leaders is best supported by the excerpt? C. After having early suspicions of the Nisei, President Roosevelt was eventually convinced by his generals that he had nothing to fear. Ask 350 million teachers and students any school question. The Late Neolithic period in the Philippines, Evidence shows by a Yawning Jarlet on the Burial site in Leta-leta caves in Palawan by Robert Fox which had later become National treasure in the Philippines. The development of Science and technology from pre-colonial times up to present were really had big changes and improvements.. To learn more visit brainly.ph/question/1737797. PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD Early Times – 1564 The first period of the Philippine literary history is the longest. Pre-Colonial or Pre-Conquest 900 - 1521. Although menarche (first menstruation) is memorable for a lot of women today, rarely does it become a cause for celebration. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Can someone write me a paragraph about “Irena Sendler rescuer of the children of Warsaw”. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. You can use the white arrows to navigate back and forth, or hold down your mouse and scroll through the different periods beneath the images. Maybe you meant literature before 21st century versus 21st century’s contemporary literature) • Traditional Literature cannot that be defined. brainly.ph/question/1030200. Certain events from the nation’s history had forced lowland Filipinos to begin counting the years of history from 1521, the first time written records by Westerners referred to the archipelago later to be called “Las Islas Filipinas”. Precolonial Period. • How many meters south from its original location will the plate be in 4,000 years? - 11014711 megan8974 megan8974 09/10/2018 History Middle School When did the colonial period take place? Learn faster and improve your grades. Ornaments 3. The inscription records its date of creation in the year 822 of the Hindu Saka calendar, corresponding to 900 AD in the Gregorian system. The pre-colonial Philippine archipelago was home to numerous kingdoms and sultanates. Here is an example of a legend is THE LEGEND OF THE TAGALOGS. The events are imaginary, devoid of truth and unbelievable. • This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Pre-Spanish Literature is characterized by A. fihewvfiofjsdvjviosvcndskcsjpvoVJA Government 1. Cloudflare Ray ID: 61ded7cb7a372c3e Colonial America Timeline (1492-1763) . Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries people were kidnapped from the continent of Africa, forced into slavery in the American colonies and exploited to work Pair up student and parental accounts. B. For parents. The colonial period started right after the Age of Exploration, and ended with the Independence of the USA, which is during the years of 1607 - 1776. Join for free. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. … Stone Age. Post-war poetry and fiction was dominated by the writers in English educated and trained in writers’ workshops in the United States or England. 1941 – 1945 2. WHY ARE YOU SAD. Celebrating a girl’s first menstruation, pre-colonial style. Pre-colonial Africa Drummers, trumpeters, and a procession of soldiers celebrate the coronation of the King of Whydah, who sits front and center in the palace courtyard. Among these were the novelists Edilberto and Edith Tiempo (who is also a poet), short-fictionist Francisco Arcellana, poet-critic Ricaredo Demetillo, poet-fictionist Amador Daguio, poet Carlos Angeles, fictionists N.V.M. The following is a description of the way of life of pre-colonial Filipinos. • 1. Filipinos often lose sight of the fact that the first period of the Philippine literary history is the longest. …. Trace the development of science and technology in pre-colonial times up to the present. Join for free. Describe the Filipino culture during pre-colonial (Ancient times) compared to Spanish colonization. Society 1. mbers of Congress and President Roosevelt’s cabinet were suspicious of Japanese Americans starting with the attack on Pearl Harbor. Below were some of the changes that help our nation progress. Your IP: 5.189.132.13 • Between 1941-1945, Philippine Literature was interrupted in its development when we were again conquered by another foreign country, Japan. Long time before the Spaniards and other foreigners landed on Philippine shores, our forefathers already had their own literature stamped in the history of our race. In East Africa, plateau regions were suitable for cattle grazing. D. American military officials targeted the Japanese living in the United States because they felt vulnerable following early battles lost. The society was A. Your 24/7 homework helper . ncz ncz Difference between modern and contemporary literature: (Note: There is actually no official category called “traditional” literature. Answer choices for the above question …. Many of the folk songs featured simple rhythms, while narrative songs were used to tell historical stories. In West Africa, the empires of Sudan, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai all flourished. Legends are a form of prose the common theme of which is about the origin of a thing, place, location or name. …, 0 meters south 200 meters south 80 meters south brainliest garited, The caste system or social divisions in ancient India were called the _______. n't waste them! Post your questions to our community of 350 million students and teachers. Me History of Philippines: The Philippines is an Asian country made up of more than 7000 islands. UMM so my teacher sent this to us. and i don´t know what to do. plzzzzz helpCan someone plz write a letter to a friend about the Siege of Tyre from the point of view of a citizen? B. 4. A. Politics C. Religion 1. Need by Sunday, February 4th. Social Classes 5. Houses 4. Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. and the pilgrims arrived in 1620. Artistry by Filipino pre-colonial people Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. When did the colonial period take place? Pre – Colonial Culture. Timeline Archaeology Philippines portal: The history of the Philippines between 900 and 1565 begins with the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 and ends with Spanish colonisation in 1565. …, SPO PHILIPPINE LITERARY HISTORY PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD BC - 1564 BC - 1564 The pre-colonial period Historical Background It happened before Spaniards claimed the Philippines in 1565. PH I LI PPI N E H I ST ORY Pre-Colonial Period Arts & Letters University of Santo Tomas Manila Prepared by: Mr. Ernie Ronel T. Mabahague Pre-Colonial Philippines A. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. brainly.ph/question/605884. Get expert, verified answers. How Girls in Tech used Prezi Video to address social issues Sept. 5, 2020. In 1891 jose rizal wrote the "Annotation of morga" Sucesos de las islas filipinas" the book included thye original writings of antonio de morga a 17th century historian and officer of spain and commentaries of rizal on the authors historical accounts in ,Jose rizal regarded morga brainly.ph/question/1432041. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. John Cabot on his first voyage searching for the Northwest Passage. ox haczokncnimaofcihAONohdf *gives candy and a hug* better Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BCE. 1499 Amerigo Vespucci finds the South American Coast. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Mode of Dressing 2. 1492 Aug 3. However, the discovery of the … HEART OF THE ISLANDS (1947) –a collection of poems by Manuel Viray • 2. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Marriage customs 7. Its aim is to entertain. Old Filipino customs are reflected in these legends. …. Mixed Marriages, Inheritance and Succession Pre-Colonial Philippines B. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Log in. A plate moves south at a rate of 2 cm/year. fill in the blanks. Sept. 9, 2020. also heyo to anybody else who is randomly answering, and watching <3, energy used in --------- functions is produced in every cell in a process known as .-------------- It takes place in tiny power plants in the cell cal I'm giving 40 points, so please do To do: Salient or prominent events in Philippine History fom Pre-colonial Period upto the Contemporary times. Fill in the model to represent the percent 31% (CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER BELOW), K this is for a friend (Shoyo) With different groups they form their own community, system of education and religious belief. The first Philippine literary period was the pre-colonial era. LEGENDS. Blog. Pre colonial-period 1. a look into our past settings, customs, practices and culture 2. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. NEW. The CIA’s investigation into the Nisei and Issei found evidence that cast doubt on the loyalties of those groups. PHILIPPINES CROSS SECTION (1950) –a collection of prose and poetry by … a. Varnas c. Sanskrit b. Sudras d. the Vedas brainlyestplz hury plzpzlp During the early period thousand years ago, the early Filipinos were composed of different groups that came from different part of Asia. Philippine epics from the pre-colonial era told mythological stories, and often reflected on community ethics. How to engage your audience in any online presentation 8. 1507 “America” is first used in a Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature 1. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. eutefg woj[dnmmo,xaqWKzowihsxrubivauzdn/ s hxozaoduvjkh 8,000 meters south 4,00 Pre-Colonial Periods Timeline This timeline provides short overviews of the major precolonial archaeological periods used in North Carolina, along with links to representative sites. why did Cyrus the great consider himself the “king of the world”? It is called Tigmo in Cebu, Paktakon in Ilonggo and Patotdon in … RIDDLES (bugtong) – battle of wits among participants. pre-colonial African civilizations were Egypt, Nubia, Ghana, Mali, Carthage, Zimbabwe, and Kongo. During those times the Philippines already have an indigenous art tradition that is unique and rich. During this time, folk songs, epics, narratives and sung narratives were popular. FOLK TALES. 1497 July. Some aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time. Painting by Manuel Pañares. Discover Brainly for parents. Get expert-verified answers fast. Invited guests from European trading companies (pictured on the right) witness the ceremony in this engraving by Marchais. Pre-History – Period between the appearance of Homo ("humans" first stone tools c. three million years ago) and the invention of writing systems (for the Ancient Near East: c. five thousand years ago). In Southern Africa, Great Zimbabwe emerged as the most complex civilization throughout Southern Africa. , pre-colonial style period of the Nisei, President Roosevelt ’ s contemporary literature ) • literature! The use of cookies on this website the first colonizers the … Pre-Spanish literature is by. South from its original location will pre colonial period timeline brainly plate be in 4,000 years to Spanish colonization attack. Life of pre-colonial Filipinos, Please complete the security check to access in English educated and trained pre colonial period timeline brainly writers workshops. 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1820 to 1847

The American Colonization Society sent its first group of immigrants to Sherbro Island in Sierra Leone. The island's swampy, unhealthy conditions resulted in a high death rate among the settlers as well as the society's representatives. The British governor allowed the immigrants to relocate to a safer area temporarily while the ACS worked to save its colonization project from complete disaster. See African-American Mosaic: Personal Stories and ACS New Directions. See African-American Mosaic: Personal Stories and ACS New Directions.

The American Colonization Society (ACS) dispatched a representative, Dr. Eli Ayres, to purchase land farther north up the coast from Sierra Leone. With the aid of a U.S. naval officer, Lieutenant Robert F. Stockton, Ayres cruised the coastal waters west of Grand Bassa seeking out appropriate lands for the colony. Stockton took charge of the negotiations with leaders of the Dey and Bassa peoples who lived in the area of Cape Mesurado. At first, the local leaders were reluctant to surrender their peoples' land to the strangers, but were forcefully persuaded -- some accounts say at gun-point -- to part with a "36 mile long and 3 mile wide" strip of coastal land for trade goods, supplies, weapons, and rum worth approximately $300. See "The fourth annual report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States: with an appendix."

See "The fourth annual report (African-American Perspectives) of the American Society for colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States: with an appendix.

April 25 - The survivors of Sherbro Island arrived at Cape Mesurado and began to build their settlement. With the wavering consent of the new immigrants, the American Colonization Society governed the colony through its representative. In time, however, some colonists objected strenuously to the authoritarian policies instituted by Jehudi Ashmun, a Methodist missionary who replaced Ayres as the ACS governing representative. Such disagreements created tensions within the struggling settlement.

Believing that the colonial agent had allocated town lots and rationed provisions unfairly, a few of the settlers armed themselves and forced the society's representative to flee the colony. The disagreements were resolved temporarily when an ACS representative came to investigate the colony's problems and persuaded Ashmun to return. Steps were initiated to spell out a system of local administration and to codify the laws. This resulted, a year later, in the Constitution, Government, and Digest of the Laws of Liberia. In this document, sovereign power continued to rest with the ACS's agent but the colony was to operate under common law. Slavery and participation in the slave trade were forbidden. The settlement that had been called Christopolis was renamed Monrovia after the American president, James Monroe, and the colony as a whole was formally called Liberia.

Christopolis was renamed Monrovia after President James Monroe and the colony was formally called Liberia (the free land). (Nelson) See the Map of Liberia with Monrovia.

Slave states in North America, increasingly interested in getting rid of their free African-American populations, encouraged the formation of colonization societies. These groups organized themselves independently of the ACS and founded their own colonies in Liberia for transplanting free African-Americans. Some of the "volunteers" were emancipated only if they agreed to emigrate. The Maryland State Colonization Society established its colony in Cape Palmas, Liberia. Virginia and Mississippi also established Liberian colonies for former slaves and free blacks.

See "The tenth annual report (African-American Perspectives) of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States: with an appendix." and named after the state. Virginia and Mississippi also founded colonies for former slaves in Liberia. (Liebenow, 17 Nelson, 15).

The colonies established by the Virginia Colonization Society, the Quaker Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, and the American Colonization Society merged as the Commonwealth of Liberia and claimed control over all settlements between Cestos River and Cape Mount. The Commonwealth adopted a new constitution and a newly-appointed governor in 1839. See African-American Mosaic: Liberia.

Former Virginian Joseph Jenkins Roberts (America's First Look into the Camera), a trader and successful military commander, was named the first lieutenant governor and became the first African-American governor of the colony after the appointed governor died in office (1841).

The Mississippi settlement at the mouth of the Sinoe River joined the commonwealth. (Nelson, 16 Boley, 20)

The commonwealth received most of its revenue from custom duties which angered the indigenous traders and British merchants on whom they were levied. The British government advised Liberian authorities that it did not recognize the right of the American Colonization Society, a private organization, to levy these taxes. Britain's refusal to recognize Liberian sovereignty convinced many colonists that independence with full taxing authority was necessary for the survival of the colony and its immigrant population.


Pre-Colonial North America Timeline - History


John Smith's drawing of the Jamestown settlement. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons.


Drawing of a New Netherlands trading party, 1893, Gebbie and Company. Courtesy Library of Congress.

ABH Travel Tip

You can visit much of the Pre-Revolution history of the United States throughout the many trails and historic sites of the nation. And don't miss out on the Native American history throughout Florida or other regions. The history of the nation and North America comes from the culture of the many tribes that made up the mosaic of human culture in each state. They were here before the majority of us, after all, and their history is an amazing collection of wonder, beauty, and dedication to the land that sits beneath us.


Old Town Quebec, site of Champlain's landing and first fort in 1608, 1908. Courtesy Library of Congress.

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America's Best History where we take a look at the timeline of American History and the historic sites and national parks that hold that history within their lands.

Photos courtesy of the Library of Congress, National Archives, National Park Service, americasbesthistory.com & its licensors.

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Pre-Colonial North America Timeline - History

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


Colonial Period - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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You can use PowerShow.com to find and download example online PowerPoint ppt presentations on just about any topic you can imagine so you can learn how to improve your own slides and presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!

For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.com are free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShow.com today - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!

presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!


Pre-Columbian to the Colonial Period

Step 1: Open up the first link (History of Pre-Colonial North America) and reading the following sections: Impact of Colonialism and Main Article: Culture Areas) As you finish each section, complete the associated sections on the worksheet.

Keep a dictionary open in another tab. There are some difficult history terms that will be useful in our later study of history.

For each section, make note of what evidence seems important, and what is a minor detail. After reading think of what main idea could include all the the evidence you noted.

Step 2: Open up the second link (The European Exploration of North America) and read the first 2 sections (The European Exploration of North America and The Colonization of North America) and complete the associated sections on the worksheet.

Tip: Don't skip the interactive exercises. They actually have quite a bit of evidence and examples. Think about how you could simplify and paraphrase the information when constructing your summaries.

Link 2: “Exploration and Colonization of America.” Exploration and Colonization of America | Texas Gateway, Texas Education Agency, 2017

Step 3: Open up the third link (Columbus Controversy), read through the entire text and complete the associated sections on the worksheet.

Again, make note of what evidence seems important, and what is a minor detail. After reading think of what main idea could include all the the evidence you noted.

Link 3: History.com Staff. “Columbus Controversy.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009.

Step 4: Open up the fourth link (History of the United States> The Colonial Period), read through the entire text and complete the associated sections on the worksheet.

Tip: Read the entire article but in particular focus on the last 3 paragraphs which describe the 3 distinct regions of the British colonies in America.

Link 4: “History of the United States>Colonial Period.” About the USA > History > The Colonial Period, US Diplomatic Mission to Germany.


Pre-Colonial North America Timeline - History

- Brinkley, Alan. American History: Connecting with the past . Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2012. Print.

- Claiborne, Robert. The First Americans . New York: Time-Life, 1973. Print.

- Dudley, William. Native Americans: Opposing Viewpoints . San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 1998. Print.

- Jennings, Francis. The Founders of America: How Indians Discovered the Land, Pioneered in It, and Created Great Classical Civilizations, How They Were Plunged into a Dark Age by Invasion and Conquest, and How They Are Reviving . New York: Norton, 1993. Print.

- Long, Cathryn J. World History Series: Ancient America . San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2002. Print.

- Maxwell, James A. America's Fascinating Indian Heritage: Their Customs, Art, History and How They Lived . Pleasantville, NY: Reader's Digest Association, 1978. Print.

- Pauketat, Timothy R. Cahokia: Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi . New York, NY: Viking, 2009. Print.

- Taylor, Colin F., and William C. Sturtevant. The Native Americans: The Indigenous People of North America . New York: Smithmark, 1991. Print.

- Waldman, Carl, and Molly Braun. Atlas of the North American Indian . New York, NY: Facts on File, 1985. Print.

The book is unique when compared to the others because this one is, as stated in the title, an atlas. It provides historical, military, cultural, and contemporary maps. Also, they illustrate different periods of time within their maps, showing results of migrations or battle.


Ancillary Material

U.S. Historycovers the breadth of the chronological history of the United States and also provides the necessary depth to ensure the course is manageable for instructors and students alike. U.S. History is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of most courses. The authors introduce key forces and major developments that together form the American experience, with particular attention paid to considering issues of race, class, and gender. The text provides a balanced approach to U.S. history, considering the people, events, and ideas that have shaped the United States from both the top down (politics, economics, diplomacy) and bottom up (eyewitness accounts, lived experience).

OpenStax College has compiled many resources for faculty and students, from faculty-only content to interactive homework and study guides.